By Rom Harré (auth.)
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Extra info for An Introduction to the Logic of the Sciences
Peirce, The Simplest Mathematics, p. 423, Sect. 537. 4. P. F. Strawson, 'Particular and General', Proc. Aristot. , p. 238, ( 1953/54). 5. J. 4, p. 73 (1957), this article puts the main features of what h~s been thought to be the problem. See also N. Goodman, Fact, Fiction and Forecast, and the series of articles in Ana(ysis: S. Hampshire, 'Subjunctive Conditionals': 9, No. 1 (1948); D. 3 (1950); W. 6 (1950). 6. R. M. Chisholm, 'The Contrary-to-Fact Conditional', Mind, October 1946; F. L. Will, 'The Contrary-to-Fact Conditional', Mind, July 1947.
The ascription of the disposition in these circumstances is no longer dependent on our witnessing some destructive accident. We may be able to predict, using our knowledge of the structure and origin of a certain material that it will be brittle without our having to make and smash specimen artefacts. Let us turn again now to a more general consideration of the relationships that hold among conditionals and between them and the general statements from which they are derived. These relationships are important for our discussion of the role played by generalizations in science, for just as in ordinary language, they lie behind many pieces of scientific reasoning.
We can feel justified in holding an indicative general conditional on the grounds of its being an alternative form of a generalization that is grounded in the facts. When possibilities are in question there are no supporting facts for a corresponding generalization. Rather there are other generalizations which give it support. We can make appeal only to more general information in determining the reasonableness of a possibility; in designing a plausible (so possible) world. ' mostly about happenings.