By Russell J. Dalton
A wide physique of electoral experiences and political celebration study argues that the institutional context defines incentives that form citizen participation and balloting selection. With the original assets of the Comparative examine of Electoral structures, this booklet offers the 1st systematic evaluate of this subject. A extraordinary foreign staff of electoral students unearths that the institutional context has just a modest influence on citizen political offerings in comparison to person point components. moreover, the formal institutional features of electoral platforms which were such a lot emphasised through electoral experiences researchers have much less influence than features of the celebration process which are break away formal associations. complex multi-level analyses display that contextual results are extra frequently oblique and interactive, and therefore their results tend to be no longer obvious in unmarried country election reviews. the consequences have the capability to reshape our knowing of the way the institutional framework and context of election issues, and the bounds of institutional layout in shaping citizen electoral habit.
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Additional resources for Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices (Comparative Study of Electoral Systems)
This second part closes with Andre´ Blais and Thomas Gschwend’s study of partisan defections in voting and the ways in which contextual features – electoral rules and the nature of the electoral supply – affect defection rates. They ﬁnd that formal electoral rules do not affect defection directly. Instead, the only signiﬁcant contextual effect is a conditional one in which desertion occurs almost exclusively at the expense of weak parties in the most disproportional systems. The third part of our volume considers the potential consequences of context for political representation and sources of democratic legitimacy.
That is, when people can identify parties with political views that are close to their own positions, they are more likely to feel that voting matters and they are more likely to choose a party on the basis of policy considerations. Reviewing this literature and the empirical ﬁndings from Module I of the CSES, Klingemann and Wessels (2009) maintain that the “supply of party choices” is a strong inﬂuence on electoral behavior. They argue that the greater the number of meaningful alternatives in an election, the greater the voter’s motivation to invest and weigh such criteria in making their electoral decisions.
Existing research distinguishes between internal and external efﬁcacy and deﬁnes the former as an individual’s sense that he or she can personally affect the political process and the latter as beliefs about the responsiveness of the political system to the electorate (Lane 1959; Balch 1974; Miller and Listhaug 1990; Anderson et al. 2005: 42). While the connection between internal efﬁcacy and participation perhaps skirts tautology, external efﬁcacy is useful for our purposes because it measures citizens’ sense that their participation matters to the political process – that elections lead to responsiveness to citizen demands, for example – and thus helps to overcome real or imagined hurdles to political engagement at the ballot box.