Download Cognitive Aspects of Bilingualism by Michel Paradis (auth.), Istvan Kecskes, Liliana Albertazzi PDF

By Michel Paradis (auth.), Istvan Kecskes, Liliana Albertazzi (eds.)

A specified characteristic of this publication is that chapters want that line of cognitive linguistics which makes a transparent contrast among genuine international and projected global. details conveyed by way of language needs to be in regards to the projected global. either the experimental effects and the systematic claims during this quantity demand a susceptible kind of whorfianism. additionally, chapters upload a few quite unexplored problems with bilingualism to the well known ones, akin to gender platforms within the bilingual brain, context and activity, synergic thoughts, mixing, the connection among lexical categorization and ontological categorization between others.

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As discussed earlier, WSPs usually derive from metaphors or other figures of speech, and over time they become conventionalized. They KECSKES: “CHAP02” — 2007/5/5 — 15:03 — PAGE 44 — #16 SYNERGIC CONCEPTS IN THE BILINGUAL MIND 45 can be considered frozen metaphors that always have the same color of meaning no matter how the context changes. They usually derive from CSCPs that become lexicalized as a result of frequent recurring use. The English phrase “chicken out” is a good example. Its original meaning is rooted in the belief that chickens are cowardly animals.

In the model, a lexical item represents world knowledge based on prior contextual experience. It is a blend of coresense (general world knowledge about the concept), WSPs1 (the lexicalized part of world knowledge), and culture-specific conceptual properties (the culture-specific part of world knowledge). 1. Coresense Coresense is abstracted from possible contextual occurrences of the word. It is neither conceptual nor lexical, but the interface between KECSKES: “CHAP02” — 2007/5/5 — 15:03 — PAGE 40 — #12 SYNERGIC CONCEPTS IN THE BILINGUAL MIND 41 Word-specific semantic properties (WSPs) Lexical level A c t.

Not all concepts have CSCPs. For instance, the concept denoted by the English word “salt” has hardly any CSCP, nor do its lexical equivalents in other languages. CSCPs are very dynamic features of words and keep changing all the time. They are sensitive to socio-cultural changes in the given language community. CSCPs represent the cognitive base for word meaning and are responsible for changes in the coresense of a word and its word specific semantic properties. When CSCPs get fully lexicalized they turn into word specific semantic properties.

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