By G. Correa-Cabrera
This ebook explains a number of the ways that deteriorated socioeconomic stipulations (inequality particularly) and institutional barriers (corruption, electoral exclusion, and a susceptible rule of legislations, between others) impact political balance in super unequal constructing nations, like Mexico, the place democracy isn't but absolutely consolidated.
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Extra info for Democracy in “Two Mexicos”: Political Institutions in Oaxaca and Nuevo León
2). Recent patterns of indigenous protest, land disputes, peasant protests, labor conflicts, religious conflicts, guerrilla movements, and other political-territorial conflicts in Mexico confirm this trend. Political-territorial conflicts, for example, are mainly concentrated in Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Guerrero. In Chiapas, one can identify a historical conflict among armed groups (Zapatistas, PRI-groups, and para-police) aiming to hold political-territorial control in some municipalities such as Los Altos, Norte, Selva, and the border area.
17 Chiapas is the state with the greatest number of religious conflicts in the country;18 religious conflict is also significant in the states of Oaxaca, Veracruz, Hidalgo, and Puebla. Similarly, epicenters of peasant protest are mainly located in Chiapas, Oaxaca, Hidalgo, and Veracruz and land disputes are concentrated in the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Veracruz, and Michoacán (Trejo, “Conflicto Social” 193–195). Guerrilla movements in Mexico are also mainly located in the South.
According to De la Torre, social rebellion could plausibly occur in contexts displaying certain conditions of inequality, such as (1) an initial extremely unequal distribution of incomes and wealth among different social groups; (2) a generalized dissatisfaction among unprivileged groups with the present income distribution, independent of any proposed option;10 and (3) high levels of “polarization,” that is, high degrees of homogeneity within each social group, high degrees of heterogeneity across groups, and a relatively small “middle” class11 (“Economic Polarization” 14–18).