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By Mary Anne Griffith-Traversy

The members to this quantity research the significance of democracy as a method of goverment. Exploring numerous varieties of democractic govt through the international, they determine how democracy works in conception and in practice.Chapters conceal tips on how to increase democracy utilizing case stories from the Caribbean and Spain; tips to make parliaments better, taking a look at matters resembling expertise and the constitution of parliamentary our bodies; the comparative advantages of other electoral platforms; ultimately, the participants research difficulties thrown up by means of a number of contemporary elections together with the yankee election in 2000, Sri Lanka, Poland and numerous African stories.

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If it is ensured that there are built-in accountability mechanisms, regular full disclosure practices, ongoing monitoring and independent oversight bodies, the public will be reassured that their democratic institutions are being justly and fairly run. [ 24 ] 4 The Spanish transition: dictatorship to democracy This section is based on a presentation by Senator Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma, Speaker of the Senate, Madrid, Spain, and on the associated discussions. The period 1976 to 1978 marked the transition from dictatorship to democracy for Spain.

Five of the ten provinces had appointed upper houses when they joined the Confederation. All were subsequently abolished: Manitoba in 1876, New Brunswick in 1892, Prince Edward Island in 1893, Nova Scotia in 1928 and Quebec in 1968. Case study: Nova Scotia The abolition of the appointed upper house in Nova Scotia, after more than sixty years of existence, is an interesting case study of just how difficult it can be to change parliamentary institutions, even when a strong will to do so exists. According to Professor Murray Beck in his book The Government of Nova Scotia, the elected lower house or Assembly considered the appointed upper house or Council to be redundant, and held that view consistently from 1878 on.

At the opposite end of the spectrum are those legislatures with virtually no powers to amend or affect policy. Legislatures in Communist regimes or those found in single-party states would make up the preponderance of legislative bodies in this category. It is a small group of countries, which has grown smaller in recent years with the collapse of communism in the USSR, and the expansion of multi-party democracies in Africa. The third, and by far the largest, group comprises those legislatures that influence policy through amending or rejecting legislation, but lack the capacity either to formulate or substitute their own policies or to bring their own ideas into effect to any significant degree.

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