Download Introduction to Reconfigurable Supercomputing (Synthesis by Marco Lanzagorta PDF

By Marco Lanzagorta

This e-book covers applied sciences, functions, instruments, languages, methods, benefits, and downsides of reconfigurable supercomputing utilizing box Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). the objective viewers is the neighborhood of clients of excessive functionality desktops (HPC) who could benefit from porting their purposes right into a reconfigurable atmosphere. As such, this publication is meant to steer the HPC consumer throughout the many algorithmic issues, possible choices, usability concerns, programming languages, and layout instruments that must be understood prior to embarking at the production of reconfigurable parallel codes. we are hoping to teach that FPGA acceleration, in response to the exploitation of the information parallelism, pipelining and concurrency is still promising in view of the diminishing advancements in conventional processor and approach layout. desk of Contents: FPGA know-how / Reconfigurable Supercomputing / Algorithmic concerns / FPGA Programming Languages / Case learn: Sorting / substitute applied sciences and Concluding comments

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Extra info for Introduction to Reconfigurable Supercomputing (Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture)

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In the source code, the addresses must be shifted three bits to the right to convert byte addresses to quadword (64-bit) addresses. In addition to the configuration of the FPGA address space, a Handel-C file normally includes calls using macro procedures defined in a PSL library. These macro procedures involve the low-level Handel-C interfaces to VHDL cores (hardware interfaces). On the Cray XD1, typical macro calls include • RunRTIf() • RunQDRIf() • RunRTClient( APP_BASE, APP_TOP, AppRead, AppWrite ) • RunQDR( QDR_BASE, QDR_TOP ) • RunBRam( BRAM_BASE, BRAM_TOP ) • RunReg( REG_BASE, REG_TOP ) RunRTIf() sets up the Rapid Transport (RT) core and waits for the RapidArray Processors (RAPs) to come up.

In addition to the configuration of the FPGA address space, a Handel-C file normally includes calls using macro procedures defined in a PSL library. These macro procedures involve the low-level Handel-C interfaces to VHDL cores (hardware interfaces). On the Cray XD1, typical macro calls include • RunRTIf() • RunQDRIf() • RunRTClient( APP_BASE, APP_TOP, AppRead, AppWrite ) • RunQDR( QDR_BASE, QDR_TOP ) • RunBRam( BRAM_BASE, BRAM_TOP ) • RunReg( REG_BASE, REG_TOP ) RunRTIf() sets up the Rapid Transport (RT) core and waits for the RapidArray Processors (RAPs) to come up.

Parallel This strategy performs the loop computations using many processing elements. That is, the reconfigurable circuit that computes the body of the loop is replicated several times across the entire area of the FPGA. Using a completely parallel strategy, all O(n×m) loop operations are performed simultaneously, in a single computational step. This strategy clearly exploits the available degree of data parallelism and instruction concurrency. However, it may require a large amount of logic blocks and interconnect resources, which may not be available.

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