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By Windy Dryden


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Thus the person will feel healthy rather than Page 11 unhealthy negative emotions when she encounters the relevant negative activating events. She will act more functionally in the face of these events and she will think more realistically about such events. Distinctive Features of REBT Practice In this closing section, I will present a brief overview of the distinctive features of the practice of rational emotive behaviour therapy. Active-directive Therapy One of the key aspects of REBT is the active-directive therapeutic style of its practitioners.

Thus, when a person procrastinates, she may not necessarily experience an emotion associated with this overt action. As can be seen very clearly in Table 3, when a person's behaviour stems from a set of rational beliefs, it is much more likely to be functional than behaviour that stems from a set of irrational beliefs. Table 3 NEGATIVE EMOTIONS AND ACTIONS/ACTION TENDENCIESNegative emotionsTypeAction/action tendencyAnxietyUnhealthyAvoidance of threatConcernHealthyConfronting threatDepressionUnhealthyProlonged withdrawal from enjoyable activitiesSadnessHealthyEngagement with enjoyable activities after period of mourningGuiltUnhealthyBegging for forgivenessRemorseHealthyAsking for forgivenessHurtUnhealthySulkingSorrowHealthyAssertionShameUnhealthyAverting one's eyes from the gaze of othersDisappointmentHealthyMaintaining eye contact with othersUnhealthy angerUnhealthyShoutingHealthy angerHealthyAssertionUnhealthy jealousyUnhealthyProlonged suspicious questioning of the otherHealthy jealousyHealthyBrief open-minded questioning of the otherUnhealthy envyUnhealthySpoiling the other's enjoyment of the desired possessionHealthy envyHealthyStriving to gain a similar possession for oneself Cognitive consequences REBT has, from its very beginnings (over 40 years ago), recognized that our beliefs determine the way we feel and act.

Tasks The third domain of the working alliance put forward by Bordin is called tasks. Tasks are the activities, both broadly and narrowly defined, engaged in by therapist and client. There are several issues that I, as a rational emotive behaviour therapist attend to in the task domain of the working alliance. In particular, I ensure that my client understands and agrees to perform the tasks that she is called upon to undertake as a client in this approach to psychotherapy. Unless she understands and agrees to perform these tasks, I am likely to encounter resistance Page 20 in the client.

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