By Giovanna Colombetti
In The Feeling Body, Giovanna Colombetti takes principles from the enactive method constructed over the past 20 years in cognitive technology and philosophy of brain and applies them for the 1st time to affective technology -- the examine of feelings, moods, and emotions. She argues that enactivism involves a view of cognition as not only embodied but additionally intrinsically affective, and she or he elaborates at the implications of this declare for the examine of emotion in psychology and neuroscience.
In the process her dialogue, Colombetti makes a speciality of long-debated matters in affective technological know-how, together with the concept of simple feelings, the character of appraisal and its dating to physically arousal, where of physically emotions in emotion adventure, the neurophysiological research of emotion adventure, and the physically nature of our encounters with others. Drawing on enactivist instruments corresponding to dynamical platforms conception, the proposal of the lived physique, neurophenomenology, and phenomenological money owed of empathy, Colombetti advances a novel method of those conventional matters that does justice to their complexity. Doing so, she additionally expands the enactive technique right into a additional area of inquiry, person who has extra mostly been ignored via the embodied-embedded method within the philosophy of cognitive science.
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Extra resources for The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind
There is no guarantee that human beings have got the matter right” (441). Indeed, languages have their own life, so to speak; they are influenced by sociocultural norms, and their terms can change their meanings more or less subtly over time as a function of use and changes in social practices. Linguists are familiar with the phenomenon of lexical lacunae, namely, the lack of words corresponding to concepts for which other languages have one or more words. Yet importantly linguists also acknowledge that lexical lacunae may be an index that certain phenomena are hypo-cognized (Levy 1984) in a culture, that is, relatively unattended and little valued, rather than nonexistent (see Ogarkova, forthcoming).
Emotions are usually regarded as requiring relatively complex organisms. , Panksepp 1998a, 2005). Walter Freeman, whose views I present in more detail later in the book, sees the limbic system as the primary source of emotion (affectivity, in my terminology); however, in so doing, he limits it to organisms with a limbic system. From the present perspective, what these accounts overlook is that the fundamental processes of life regulation that enable organisms to maintain themselves are already, in a primordial sense, meaning generating and thus affective.
Cognition, in other words, is the activity of sense making. This is clearly a very different characterization of cognition from the one typically adopted, more or less explicitly, in cognitive science. Cognition as sense making does not require a central executive system that represents facts about the world, reasons about them, and generates rules for action. Cognition from an enactive perspective is, rather, the capacity to enact or bring forth a world of sense, namely, an Umwelt that has a special significance for the organism enacting it.