By Jack Zipes
For hundreds of years fairy stories were a strong mode of passing cultural values onto our kids, and for plenty of those tales pride and hang-out us from cradle to grave. yet how have those tales turn into so robust and why? In whilst desires got here precise, Jack Zipes explains the social lifetime of the fairy story, from the 16th century on into the twenty-first. even if exploring Charles Perrault or the Brothers Grimm, Hans Christian Andersen or The Thousand and One Nights, The chuffed Prince or Pinocchio, L. Frank Baum or Hermann Hesse, Zipes indicates how the authors of our liked fairy stories used the style to articulate own wishes, political opinions, and aesthetic personal tastes inside specific social contexts. mainly, he demonstrates the position that the fairy story has assumed within the civilizing process—the manner it imparts values, norms, and aesthetic flavor to childrens and adults. This moment variation of 1 of Jack Zipes’s best-loved books contains a new preface and new chapters on J.M. Barrie’s Peter Pan and E.T.A. Hoffman’s The Nutcracker and the Mouse King.
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For hundreds of years fairy stories were a strong mode of passing cultural values onto our kids, and for plenty of those tales pride and hang-out us from cradle to grave. yet how have those tales develop into so strong and why? In whilst goals got here precise, Jack Zipes explains the social lifetime of the fairy story, from the 16th century on into the twenty-first.
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Additional resources for When Dreams Came True: Classical Fairy Tales and Their Tradition, Second Edition
A. Hoffmann wrote extraordinary tales that revealed a major shift in the function of the genre: The fairy tale no longer represented the dominant aristocratic ideology. indb 18 3/6/07 2:30:01 PM Spells of Enchantment 19 as a critique of the worst aspects of the Enlightenment and absolutism. This viewpoint was clearly expressed in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s classical narrative simply titled “The Fairy Tale” (1795) as though it were to be the fairy tale to end all fairy tales. Goethe optimistically envisioned a successful rebirth of a rejuvenated monarchy that enjoyed the support of all social classes in his answer to the chaos and destruction of the French Revolution.
No longer do handsome princes save helpless virgins in the Shrek fairy-tale films. indb 29 3/6/07 2:30:03 PM 30 When Dreams Came True unusual qualities of intrepid young women are also fully represented in Miyasaki’s Spirited Away and Howl’s Moving Castle. Indeed, all these experimental filmmakers whom I have mentioned are seeking to redefine the fairy tale for contemporary audiences in compelling ways. If we want to know what the fairy tale means today, then we must take into consideration that the readers, viewers, and writers of fairy tales constitute its broadest meaning, perhaps not in the old communal way but in an individualized way that allows for free expression and subversion of norms that are hypocritically upheld and serve to oppress people.
Though it is impossible to set a date for the rise of the literary fairy tale in France, such important studies as Roger Picard’s Les Salons Littéraires et la société française 1610–1789 (1946), Marie Gougy-Francois’s Les grands salons feménins (1965), Renate Baader’s Dames de Lettres (1986), and Verena von der Heyden-Rynsch’s Europäische Salons (1992) have shown that its origin can be located in the conversation and games developed by highly educated aristocratic women in the salons that they formed in the 1630s in Paris and that continued to be popular up through the beginning of the eighteenth century.